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by Akeo
Tue Sep 28, 2021 1:50 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Is there anyway to add the firmware files afterwards? You mean the WiFi firmware blobs? If so, yes that should be possible if you extract the content of the firmware directory into /lib/ (in other words, you will need to have all the files under /lib/firmware/bcrm/... . You may also have to rename ...
by Akeo
Thu Sep 09, 2021 6:12 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

You may want to try with the newly released v1.31 of the Pi 4 UEFI firmware , as we have reverted some of the Pi Foundation support files to their 2021.06.08 version, on account that multiple regressions, including one that seems to affect SD card access, have been introduced since, that have yet to...
by Akeo
Mon Sep 06, 2021 8:56 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Note that I have updated the guide for SD card install. You have to jump through a few more hoops than USB, so I still wouldn't recommend it. But if you do follow the guide, you should be able to get Debian 11 running from SD.
by Akeo
Mon Aug 16, 2021 1:05 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

According to your screenshot, you are connecting through eth0 (the wired connection) and not wlan0 (WiFi). 192.168.1.129 is the IPv4 address of your eth0 interface, whereas 192.168.1.218 is the IPv4 address of your wlan0 interface, so ssh <user_name>@192.168.1.129 is not using WiFi at all (hence the...
by Akeo
Sun Aug 15, 2021 9:01 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Note that I now updated the ISO download link to the formal Debian 11 ISO, that was just released today (finally!!! :D) I was able to install the bullseye (...) and get wifi working by adding a few extra steps. That's weird, I still have to manage to get Wifi working, even though we should be using ...
by Akeo
Tue Jun 15, 2021 11:43 am
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

The only 'hiccup' in the installation process was that the installer claimed one of the system devices needed non-free firmware (brcm/brcmfmac43455-sdio.bin), and I told it to load from the USB drive, but it could not do so. Yes, these are the WiFi firmware blobs. They are provided in the UEFI arch...
by Akeo
Mon May 24, 2021 4:42 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Just a quick note that the latest Debian weekly testing ISOs (tested with the 2021.05.24 version) now include the fix for the DHCP/missing mdio issue . This means that the installation described in this guide should work without trouble again, and that the same should apply to the upcoming Debian 11...
by Akeo
Tue Mar 30, 2021 9:59 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Several PI4 kernels and root partitions selected in Grub menu?

As far as I understand, config.txt is read before the Grub menu is used? Yes, it is actually read long before any actual ARM boot code executes (since it is processed by VideoCore rather than the ARM CPU), including before the UEFI firmware is loaded and executed. This should actually make sense, s...
by Akeo
Wed Mar 24, 2021 11:28 am
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

The reason you didn't get an answer is because this is an installation guide, and sound (or any other non-critical device) support has nothing to do with it. The guide has a complete paragraph titled "What about other Pi 4 devices that aren't supported yet?" , which is 100% relevant to you...
by Akeo
Tue Feb 09, 2021 11:27 am
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

I cheated. Installed the 64bit Raspberry OS then upgraded. Then you are not installing Vanilla Debian 11 on a Pi 4, and this is out of scope for this topic. This guide relates to using the vanilla Debian ISOs to install Debian on a Raspberry Pi 4. If you are not doing that, please refrain from post...
by Akeo
Sun Jan 31, 2021 3:13 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

By the way, with regards to your "can't find a < 20€ drive that can compete with SD", please order and test with something like https://www.aliexpress.com/item/4000344804527.html (priced at 15.60€ at the time of this post), because it doesn't seem to me like you looked very hard...
by Akeo
Sun Jan 31, 2021 3:06 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

I disagree. So you are disagreeing with the fact that SD cards are generally slower than USB drives, and that, no matter what you do, you're never going to be able to achieve with the SD controller of the Pi 4 the >300 MB/s that USB 3.0 can achieve, as shown here ? I have pretty good uSD cards from...
by Akeo
Sat Jan 02, 2021 6:30 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Has anyone tried this on a new Pi 400? The UEFI firmware is not yet compatible with the Pi 400 (a classic case of too new & not enough volunteers on the UEFI Open Source side), so that won't work. Among other things, the Pi Foundation has fundamentally changed the way the xHCI controller handle...
by Akeo
Sun Dec 27, 2020 11:44 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

The lack of SD card is nothing new. Personally, I would advice against using SD to run Linux, as SD cards tend to be a lot less reliable than USB Flash drives, especially if you run a regular Linux system off them, and they are also much slower. That is why the guide is geared exclusively towards US...
by Akeo
Tue Dec 15, 2020 9:01 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Happy to hear you finally managed to get your Debian system installed! Unfortunately, when dealing with test releases like the current Debian 11 ISOs, the kind of issues we've seen are not entirely unexpected. But I'll be keeping an eye to see if the Debian developers fix them (and if not, I'll log ...
by Akeo
Tue Dec 15, 2020 7:54 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Ah shoot, if you do the above, it fails during GRUB installation still because it can't properly locate the original 'cdrom' media. Okay, change of plan then. THIS is what should get you through (which doesn't even require you to switch between consoles and which I have validated through a full inst...
by Akeo
Tue Dec 15, 2020 7:17 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

This is a byproduct of /cdrom not being properly mounted by default, as described here . The solution: When you see the error and are brought back to the install menu, go back to the console with Alt - F2 (Console mode) or Ctrl - Alt - F2 (Graphical mode) Type: umount /cdrom and press Enter then swi...
by Akeo
Sun Dec 13, 2020 1:07 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Yeah, it looks Debian modified their installation scripts again (remember, these images are experimental ), and broke the "cdrom" detection process. I was waiting for the 2020.12.12 ISO to see if they would have fixed that, but it appears that they might not even be aware of the issue. For...
by Akeo
Thu Nov 19, 2020 6:15 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

For the record, the Debian devs appear to have fixed the media-type package installation issue in the 2020.11.19 daily build of the aarch64 ISO (available here ). Is hardware acceleration working with Chromium/VLC? As far as I'm concerned, this is not related to Debian installation and therefore off...
by Akeo
Thu Nov 19, 2020 2:10 am
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

<sigh> root@nano:~# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb bs=512 count=34 34+0 records in 34+0 records out 17408 bytes (17 kB, 17 KiB) copied, 0.00372165 s, 4.7 MB/s root@nano:~# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb bs=512 count=34 seek=$((`blockdev --getsz /dev/sdb` - 34)) 34+0 records in 34+0 records out 17408 bytes...
by Akeo
Thu Nov 19, 2020 12:00 am
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

make direct copies of the 15 or so symlinks that don't get copied to the FAT partition, named identically as on the iso
Don't. There's nothing in the guide that asks you to do that.
by Akeo
Wed Nov 18, 2020 9:14 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Well, for one thing, if you used fdisk and not gdisk , then you didn't create a GPT drive, which is what the guide tells you to do. The guide specifically tells not to use MBR as a partition scheme, but if you use fdisk , MBR is what you will get. After that, you need to make sure that the ESP you c...
by Akeo
Wed Nov 18, 2020 4:53 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

Is the Pi4 process different than an x86 system in that regard? Yes, because we need to carry the various firmware files, so having the installer create the ESP on a separate disk makes the process problematic as then you need to add an extra step asking people to manually copy files and if they ma...
by Akeo
Wed Nov 18, 2020 2:54 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

If you have a /dev/sdb then it means that you have two disks plugged in, and therefore it appears that you are deviating from the guide, as you should only ever have one disk plugged in on your Pi 4 for the whole installation (which will become the disk onto which you install Debian). If you follow ...
by Akeo
Sat Oct 24, 2020 7:26 pm
Forum: Debian
Topic: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4
Replies: 120
Views: 44426

Re: Guide: Installation of *VANILLA* Debian 11 (or later) on a Raspberry Pi 4

The topic describes the installation of Debian on a single USB drive, nothing more nothing less. The Debian installer should let you pick a different media if you want, but no promise is being made as to being able to make that work easily. Especially, you're definitely going to have to go through m...

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